OB-GYN Symptoms & Conditions
Becoming educated about women's health issues is the first step in leading a happy, healthy lifestyle. This page provides brief explanations about some of the more common OB-GYN related symptoms and conditions we treat. Obviously, the information listed below is not complete and does not address every condition we encounter in our practice. As such, please do not use this information in an attempt to diagnose your's or other's condition(s). There is no substitution for the actual care our physician provide within our office. This page is provided for information purposes only.
Common OB-GYN Conditions & Symptoms
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
- Overactive Bladder (OAB)
- Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
- Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
- Uninary Incontinence
Human Papillomavirus and Helping to Prevent Cancer
The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted disease. Most people that have genital HPV infection, do not even know they are infected. The virus lives in the skin or mucus membranes and usually causes no symptoms. Some people may have visible warts or have pre-cancerous changes in the cervix, vulva, anus, or penis. Most women are diagnosed with HPV on the basis of an abnormal pap smear. A new vaccine is now available. Gardasil is given as three injections over a six month period. It only protects against HPV types 16 and 18 (that causes 70% of cervical cancer) and types 6 and 11 (that cause 90% of genital warts cases).
Menopause is said to have occurred when a women has not had a period for 12 months. Menopause is when the ovaries no longer release eggs and decrease production of the sex hormones estrogen, progesterone and androgen. It is a natural occurrence that marks the end of fertility and childbearing years.
Overactive Bladder (OAB)
OAB is used to describe a collection of symptoms. A patient may have one or more of these symptoms: A sudden, intense urge to urinate (urinary urgency), sometimes followed by the loss of urine (urge incontinence); urinating more than 8 times daily or twice at night (urinary frequency). OAB is generally caused by bladder muscles that are overly sensitive or overactive. This overactivity is caused by damage to nervous system or to the nerves and muscles associated with bladder. The cause of the nerve damage is often unidentified and you should discuss your symptoms with your doctor. Overactive Bladder symptoms of urinary urgency, urinary frequency or urge incontinence may be present in people with interstitial cystitis or post-radical prostatectomy. It is estimated that over 16% of the adult population have one or more of these symptoms. Both men and women can have OAB.
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
About half of women between the ages of 50 and 79 have some form of Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP). POP occurs when supporting muscles and ligaments in the pelvic floor stretch or weaken too much to hold the organs in their correct place. In progressed cases, women may feel tissue bulging through the opening of the vagina. There are many causes of prolapse: genetics, injury, vaginal birth, radiation, and/or surgery. Other aggravating factors may include constipation, chronic straining, smoking, chronic coughing, heavy lifting, aging, menopause, obesity, and debilitating nerve and muscle diseases. There are both non-surgical and surgical treatment options for POP. Discuss with your doctor the treatment options, risks and benefits, potential complications, and the required follow-up.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) - Approximately 3-8% of women experience PMDD. Like PMS, these symptoms of PMDD are like PMS, however, women with PMDD experience five or more symptoms and they are more severe. Women with depression are at higher risk for PMDD than other women. Treatment for PMDD includes medication known as Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors (SSRI's), a type of antidepressant medication. There is a new birth control pill that has recently been approved that is shown to be effective at treating the emotional and physical symptoms of PMDD.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a term commonly used to describe a wide range of severe recurrent symptoms that occur from several days to two weeks before your period. Up to 40% of women have symptoms that may require treatment. Symptoms may occur anytime between puberty and menopause. The most common age is during late 20's to early 30's. Symptoms may become worse with age and stress. The underlying causes are not really understood.
Urinary incontinence is when you experience the uncontrollable loss of urine. Whether you leak when you cough, laugh, sneeze or have sudden urges to go to the bathroom and they are intense enough that you fear you will not get there in time. It is treatable and often times, curable. Over 13 million Americans, 85% of them being women, experience this problem. Incontinence can occur among ages 15-64 and is estimated 10-30% have urine control problems and about 1 in 4 women ages 39-59 have had an episode of incontinence. Treatments may include medication and sometimes surgery.